Syngonium Plant Quick Growing Guide:
Origin: Brazil, Bolivia, Ecuador and Mexico
Common Names: Arrowhead plant or vine, Tri-Leaf Wonder, Nephthytis, African Evergreen, Green-Gold Nephthytis, Goosefoot Plant, Five Fingers
Uses: The arrowhead plants are easy to grow and do well growing indoors in a low-to-medium light as a trailing, climbing or hanging vine. It can also be kept pruned for a more bushy appearance. With many varieties and colors to choose from, these foliage plants coordinate well with any decor and adds interest in variegated shades of green and white, silver, cream, pink or even purple.
Height or Length: 3-6 feet
Spread: 1-2 feet
USDA Hardiness Zones: 10 to 12 These plants are only winter hardy in Florida in the US, but they grow well as houseplants in every state.
Flowers: It is unusual for the plant to produce flowers indoors. When flowers do appear the greenish/white blooms look something like Peace lily blooms with a thicker spadex (the central shaft that bears the individual flowers and berries). The tiny flowers develop into brownish-black or red berries.
Foliage: Leaves vary in color depending upon the plant variety. On all varieties, leaves transform from small ovate leaves too long, lobed leaves. Color and markings also change throughout the lifespan of the leaf.
When leaves first emerge, they are relatively heart-shaped and often display silvery variegation.
When they become mature, they attain the arrowhead shape that gives them their common name. As the leaves further mature, they grow from about five inches long to about fourteen inches long.
Colors: Leaves are usually heavily variegated when young. The variegation tends to fade as the leaves mature. Leaves come in attractive shades of green and white, silver, cream, pink and even purple.
Syngonium Podophyllum Care Requirements:
Light: These plants do well in low-to-medium light settings and thrive in bright, indirect light. They do not like exposure to direct sunlight. If you are only able to provide low-to-medium light conditions, you may do better with one of the deeper green varieties. These tend to do better in shaded conditions.
Water: The soil should be kept lightly moist during spring and summer and slightly drier during the fall and winter months. Don’t let it become completely dry. The plant is undemanding when it comes to watering, but does prefer high humidity, so it’s a good idea to place container plants on a bed of wet pebbles. Mist hanging baskets frequently. Water moderately throughout the growing season and reduce watering during cooler months. [source]
Temperature: As a semi-tropical plant, this vine prefers warm, humid conditions. Try not to allow the temperature to drop below 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Soil: Use a rich potting mix that offers superior draining and aerating capabilities.
Fertilizer: Use a balanced liquid houseplant food on a regular basis during the spring and summer. Follow package directions closely.
Problems: These hardy plants have no pests or diseases problems when cared for properly. Maintain a moderate watering schedule and provide the right sort of substrate to prevent:
- Rotting of plant roots
- Bacterial leaf spot
- Colonies of Spider mites
- Scale on plants
- Aphids –> Ways to kill Aphids here
- Sap sucking Mealybugs
All of these can be problematic on over watered plants, but should not plague healthy plants.
Pruning: If you want to keep your plant compact and bushy, pinch of new growth on a regular basis. Wear gloves when pinching as the plants’ sap can cause skin irritation.
Propagation: It is easy to root Syngonium from cuttings during the growing season. Cut sections of stem containing root nodes and place them in clean water to grow roots. If you see that your plant has developed aerial roots on the stem, you can be certain that stem section will root easily.