Gold Lemon ( सुन कागति ) - Seed
"There's one plant I get questions asked about more than any other plant and it's the lemon tree," says Jane.
"It's because it is one of those common fruit trees in most peoples' backyards. I love them. They're a great fruit tree, so I'm going to run through some really popular varieties of lemons, then I'm going to plant one, just to show you how easy it is to establish a good vigorous tree that's going to produce a lot of lemons."
There are three common lemon varieties in Australia.
The Eureka (Eureka Lemon - Citrus limon 'Eureka') produces beautiful fruit in two or even three flushes of fruit a year. Dwarf varieties do well in pots, growing between two metres high and wide.
The Lisbon lemon (Citrus limon 'Lisbon') produces one major flush of fruit in winter. It also has spikes on it, but Jane says it's a beaut tree.
Both the Eureka and the Lisbon need frost protection. Plant them in a north-facing aspect with lots of sun and they'll be fine.
The third popular variety is the Meyer Lemon (Citrus x meyeri 'Meyer'), a cross between a lemon and an orange. It's less acidic and is always popular because of its small, round juicy fruit.
When searching for a plant, Jane advises searching for a young, small specimen with healthy green leaves. Don't worry if there are a few yellowing leaves at the top - they'll come good when you fertilise in late winter and into spring.
The important part to look at is the graft union - the area where the rootstock and the productive lemon join. If the plant you're looking at has any suckers below the graft point, put it back because you'll spend all your time getting rid of suckers, which can take over the plant entirely.
When it comes time to plant any citrus, choose a nice sunny spot - one that gets at least six hours of sun a day - and always dig a hole so it's twice as wide as the pot and a good depth. The first thing to do is to fill up the hole with water. That will then seep through and the surrounding soil will encourage those new roots to grow.
Lemons are very hungry plants, so it's well worthwhile digging in some well rotted compost or some old manure - in this case cow manure - into the planting hole and it gets them off to a flying start.
On a young tree, if you do happen to see flowers or even fruit, please take them off. Just use your fingers and pull them off because they are actually taking energy away from the young tree. Allow trees to establish themselves really well before allowing them to set fruit. Give it three years - you'll find it will be producing masses.
Now, to take the plant out of the pot, just tap it out and check the roots. If they're going round and round in a circular fashion, that's no good at all. You'll need to tease those out - just gently, not too dramatically. Fill the soil back up so it's at the top of the original soil surface from the pot, then use your hands and push down to get rid of air gaps in the soil.
"Give it a good water and it's away to a great start!" Jane ends.